Forming The Passive
Active:(a)The driver helped the injured woman.
Passive:(b)The injured woman was helped by the driver.
In the passive,the object of an active verb
becomes the subject of the passive verb:the driver
in (a) becomes the subject of the passive verb
Active:(a)The man decided against a plea bargain.
Only transitive verbs (verbs than can be followed by an object) are used in the passive;we can't use intransitive verbs sch as decide,refuse,complain,fall,happen,sleep,come,seem etc..in the passive voice.
|Form of the passive:be+past participle|
|Simple present:the cat eats the meat.||The meat is eaten by the cat|
|Present continous:the cat is eating the meat.||The meat is being eaten by the cat|
|Present Perfect:the cat has eaten the meat.||The meat has been eaten by the cat|
|Futre Simple:the cat will eat the meat.||The meat will be eaten by the cat|
|be going to:the cat is going to eat the meat.||The meat is going to be eaten by the cat|
|Furure Perfect:the cat will have eaten the meat.||The meat will have been eaten by the cat|
|Simple past:the cat ate the meat.||The meat was eaten by the cat|
|Past Progressive:the cat was eating the meat.||The meat was being eaten by the cat|
|Past Perfect:the cat had eaten the meat.||The meat had been eaten by the cat|