Passive Voice

Passive Voice

Forming The Passive

Active:(a)The driver helped the injured woman.

Passive:(b)The injured woman was helped by the driver.

In the passive,the object of an active verb

becomes the subject of the passive verb:the driver

in (a) becomes the subject of the passive verb

in (b

Active:(a)The man decided against a plea bargain.

Passive:(b)none

Only transitive verbs (verbs than can be followed by an object) are used in the passive;we can't use intransitive verbs sch as decide,refuse,complain,fall,happen,sleep,come,seem etc..in the passive voice.

Form of the passive:be+past participle
Active Passive
Simple present:the cat eats the meat. The meat is eaten by the cat
Present continous:the cat is eating the meat. The meat is being eaten by the cat
Present Perfect:the cat has eaten the meat. The meat has been eaten by the cat
Futre Simple:the cat will eat the meat. The meat will be eaten by the cat
be going to:the cat is going to eat the meat. The meat is going to be eaten by the cat
Furure Perfect:the cat will have eaten the meat. The meat will have been eaten by the cat
Simple past:the cat ate the meat. The meat was eaten by the cat
Past Progressive:the cat was eating the meat. The meat was being eaten by the cat
Past Perfect:the cat had eaten the meat. The meat had been eaten by the cat

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